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This page explains how to use SQ3R to help you focus on, understand and remember what you're reading or studying.
SQ3R is a tried and tested study strategy. It not only helps you understand and remember but can also help you identify the information you need to write an assignment.
SQ3R is an acronym which stands for
Survey (or Skim)
Recite (or Recall)
The reason why SQ3R is so popular is because it works! Try it and see for yourself...
Before starting to read or study, break down the task into manageable chunks, i.e. a chapter or topic.
Then survey or skim the section you're going to read/study.
Question - think about the topic and ask yourself the following questions.
Read – you’ll most likely have to read the text a number of times to make sure you understand it and can remember what it’s about.
After reading, recall or recite what you have just read. In other words: try to remember what you have read without looking at the text or your notes. You should also:
It might help to tell another student or a family member what you have learnt.
Alternatively, pretend you have to teach the topic - think about how you'd explain it to someone who knows nothing about it. Remember, teaching is one of the best ways of learning!
And last but definitely not least, you need to review the work you've learned. This step is very important as it helps 'fix' the information in your long-term memory.
SQ3R - improving reading comprehension - Virginia Tech (opens in a new window)
SQ3R - Wikipedia (opens in a new window)
The SQ3R reading method – Study Guides and Strategies (opens in a new window)